Roof Repair

5 Reasons For A Leaky Roof, And How To Fix It

How much do you know about fixing a leaky roof? It can be difficult to figure it out on your own. So here is a helpful guide to follow.

If you’re finding leaks in your roof or water stains on the ceiling, that’s a sign that the roof isn’t holding the rain out of your home as it should. You should always take leaks seriously, as they are often a sign of a deeper issue. If you’re seeing water dripping in your home, you need to know why it’s happening.

Here are some of the most common reasons your roof is leaking, and how to fix it.

1. Your Shingles Have Broken

This is a very easy issue to spot. If you have any leaks, go outside and take a look at your roof. Are there any shingles that are cracked, broken, cupped, or even missing? If so, that’s where the water is most likely coming in. Those shingles are your first line of defense against the rain, so you need them to all be in place and ready to face the weather.

They can be damaged by various different things. Strong winds can lift them off, falling debris can crack them, and even walking on the roof can knock them out of place.

How to fix the issue: This one’s quite a simple fix. All you have to do is replace the shingles that have been broken with new ones. It’s advised that you keep an extra box of shingles when you replace your roof for this purpose, so the shingles will match. Use a pry bar to pry the row of nails on the damaged shingle up. Pull out that shingle and replace it with a new one, securing it with new nails. 

2. You Have An Ice Dam 

This is a problem you’re more likely to come across in the winter months. An ice dam forms when snow melts off your roof due to heat coming from the attic. It then refreezes at the edge of your roof, sometimes in the gutters. The temperatures are colder here, so the frozen water sits, blocking more snow run off from making its way off the roof. The water backs up, gets under shingles, and starts leaks.

How to fix the issue: One of the best ways to prevent ice dams is to invest in a roof rake. This gives you the ability to remove snow from your roof without having to get up there, something that’s dangerous at the best of times. You’ll be able to stay on the ground, eliminating the risk of slipping and falling. It’s best to remove at least the lower four feet of snow regularly, to prevent build up. If you do see an ice dam forming, you can use an ice melt product to dissolve it.

3. Your Gutters Are Clogged

Another similar reason for leaks is clogged gutters. Over time, your guttering can easily get clogged up with all kinds of debris, such as leaves from nearby trees. If this is allowed to build up, it will stop water from flowing down into the drains. This will again allow water to back up onto the roof, and cause all kinds of issues including leaks.

How to fix the issue: This one is quite a simple fix. All you need to do is grab a ladder, some gloves, and a trash bag, and start scooping all the debris into the bag to unclog the gutters. Once that’s done, you can take some preventative steps too. For example, you can install gutter guards, and trim branches to ensure they aren’t too close to the roof.

4. Your Flashing Is Cracked

The flashing on your roof is the strips of metal that sit under shingles and protect all the seams around the roof. For example, there’s flashing between the roof and your chimney, and on all joints. They create a water resistant barrier and protect these entry spots.

While the flashing will last for a long time, it will eventually crack and break. This is usually because the tar that had been used to seal them has worn away and left it open to the elements. Over time, that corrodes the flashing and allows it to crack.

How to fix the issue: Once you’ve found the flashing that has broken, you’ll need to replace it. You can call on a roofing company to do this for you if you feel you won’t be able to do it yourself. Replacing it isn’t too difficult if you have the skill, though. You’ll need to remove any shingles that are in the way and remove the cracked section. Place a new section of flashing in its place, and then apply roofing sealant to the nail heads you used.

5. The Skylights Weren’t Installed Properly

With more people extending their homes by finishing their attics, skylights are a great way to add in natural light. These windows need to be fitted properly through as if they aren’t, they leave the roof susceptible to leaking. If there are wet spots or drips along the sides of the skylight, then that’s a sign it was installed incorrectly. If the dripping is coming from the top, that’s a sign the flashing needs to be fixed.

How to fix the issue: Firstly, you’ll want to check for any cracks in the window itself. If there are any, these can be sealed with a layer of silicone to stop the water. You can also check the flashing, to see if that needs to be fixed.

In many cases though, the cause of the leak is improper installation. You’ll need to call on the company who fitted the windows for you, to put it right. Do this as soon as possible, to ensure that your roof won’t sustain more damage than it has to.

Fix Your Leaky Roof

There are several reasons why you have a leaky roof, and these are some of the more common ones. If you are seeing water making its way into your home, check for these issues, and correct them as soon as you can.



The Best Fireproof Roof Materials to Protect Your Home This Summer

Most homeowners understand that their home’s roof is an important part of the residence, providing both protection from the elements and helping to maintain a stable temperature. Unfortunately though, many homeowners underestimate the importance of making sure they have fireproof roof materials.

Understanding fireproof roof and safety helps you make good decisions to protect your home.

Why is fire safety an important?

Your roof is a large exposed area, high above the ground, possibly containing a few antennas.

This leaves is prone to accidents and acts of nature.

Depending on where you live, wildfires are a real possibility.

Embers travel far with the wind and can easily spark a fire.

Even if you’re in no danger of wildfires, there are other possibilities to be aware of, especially during the summer.  Some common circumstances include the following:

  • Lightening strikes
  • Fireworks
  • Chimney sparks
  • Bonfire or barbeque embers
  • Sparks from a nearby house fire


What does it mean to have a fireproof roof?

The terms fireproof roof materials and fire resistant materials can be used interchangeably to describe how easily a material burns.

All materials, including those used for roofing, are categorized according to their relative fire resistance.

The independent safety and certification company Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. also known as UL, created standardized categories, or rating, to describe a material’s flammability.

In order to receive a rating, the manufacturer must submit its material for testing.

Having such a rating system helps customers easily distinguish the safety of all fireproof roof materials available to them.

The tests look at three characteristics:

  1. How the flame penetrates through the outside roof material and into the underlying attic,
  2. How the flames spread over the roof’s surface
  3. The degree that the roof material forms embers


The fireproof ratings are referred to as Class A through Class C. Below they’re described in order of increased flammability.


Class A

Class A is the highest rating a material can earn. These are the least flammable materials.

A flame will spread no more than 6 feet; it can withstand a brand measuring one square foot and weighing 2,000 grams; last 2 to 4 hours before igniting; and it can resist igniting through 15 cycles of having a gas flame turned on and off.


Class B

Class B materials were effective against moderate surface fire.

A flame will spread no more than 8 feet; it can withstand a brand measuring six square inches and weighing 500 grams; last an hour before igniting; and it can resist igniting through 8 cycles of having a gas flame turned on and off.


Class C

Class C materials were effective against light surface fire, and are the most flammable.

A flame will spread no more than 13 feet; it can withstand a brand measuring one and a half square inches and weighing a quarter of a gram; last 20 minutes before igniting; and it can resist igniting through 3 cycles of having a gas flame turned on and off.



How safe are common roofing materials?

If your roof was built or repaired by a reputable contractor then you’re in good shape as far as fire safety.

Contractors have to follow strict rules concerning the materials and techniques they’re allowed to use.

Those rules take fire safety into account.

The most fire-safe materials include fiberglass-based asphalt shingles, clay and slate tiles, and concrete tiles.

Pressure treated shingles are less safe. Unsafe materials include plywood, and untreated wood shingles.

Some common fireproof roof materials are described in more detail below:


Fiberglass-based asphalt shingles

Asphalt shingles are by far the most economical and most commonly used roofing materials.

Some estimates note they’re used on about 80% of homes within the U.S.

The exterior of your roof looks like normal asphalt shingles, which are fire resistant on their own.

When combined with a fiberglass underlayment the structure becomes even more resistant to fire, earning a Class A rating.

This roof covering is durable and can last several decades requiring little maintenance.

Care should be taken during heavy winds to make sure no shingles blow off; any bare spots make the roof vulnerable to fire and water damage.


Clay tiles

Clay tiles have proven to be one of the safest roof coverings available.

Clay inherently resists flames and easily dissipates heat. When properly installed they achieve a Class A fire safety rating.

Though more expensive to install than asphalt, homeowners largely find that clay tiles are still affordable.

They’re also extremely durable and can last up to thirty years.

Thanks to modern manufacturing methods clay tiles are available in a number of colors to match any decor.


Slate tiles

Slate, like clay, is a natural material and inherently resistant to fire. It’s been used for centuries to line fireplace hearths.

When properly installed it achieves a Class A fire rating.

It’s important to recognize that slate roofing tile is different than other slate tiles, like the ones used for flooring.

Slate used for roofing is thicker and heavier than other tiles.

That thickness is part of what helps it achieve its Class A rating because it’s not easily chipped where fire can penetrate through.

Slate is a more expensive roofing material, but it’s been known to last nearly a hundred years.

The slate roofs of many historic homes have survived over 70 years, without the benefit of modern construction techniques.

And since it’s heavier than other roofing materials you need to make sure your framing is strong enough to support it.


Pressure-treated wood shingles

Wood shingles offer unsurpassed style and warmth but pose more of a fire risk than other materials.

Achieving good fireproof roof safety depends on how the roof is installed and maintained.

A roof that hasn’t been well maintained may be brittle and have empty exposed areas.

Also, wood roofs usually require regular sealing to maintain its effectiveness against fire.



Your home’s roof is a big investment and serves many important functions.

Although homeowners are largely familiar with other roofing maintenance requirements, most aren’t knowledgeable about the risk of fire, and the importance of fireproof roof materials.

Summer is an especially likely time to be concerned with fire.

Understanding your risk, the basics of fire safety, and the different types of fireproof roof materials will ultimately help you have a safe fun summer in your home.



Common Questions About Fire Resistance

What Causes House Fires?

Wildfires, lightening strikes, fireworks, chimney sparks, bonfire or barbecue embers, sparks from a nearby house fire.

What are Fire Rating Classifications for Roofing Materials?

Class A ratings are the least flammable; a flame will spread no more than 6 ft. Class B ratings are effective against moderate surface fire, and flames will spread no more than 8 ft. Class C materials are effective against light surface fire and are the most flammable; a flame will spread roughly 13 ft.

How are Roof Materials Rated?

Fire rating classifications are based on: how the flame penetrates through the outside roof into the attic, how the flames spread over the roof’s surface, and the degree that the roof material forms embers.

What are the Best Fire Resistant Roofing Materials?

Fiberglass asphalt shingles (Class A), clay tiles (Class A), slate tiles (Class A), pressure-treated wood shingles (Class A).

Maintenance Tips

Three Reasons Why Scheduling a Roofing Inspection Makes Sense

You do your best to keep the house in good shape, but there doesn’t always seem to be time to get around to everything. That’s why having professionals come in and help makes sense. When it comes to keeping your roof in top condition nothing beats a roof inspection. Here are some reasons to call a professional and arrange for an inspection today.

Roof Repair Roofing

The Potential Dangers of a Leaky Roof

According to much research, a leaking roof can have many adverse effects on a residential property in Oxnard, California. Fortunately, a professional inspection every year may ensure that potential water concerns that are caused by a roof are identified and fixed promptly. Afterwards the important process, a homeowner may then decide to protect a deck with deck coating or waterproofing.

Roof Repair

Signs That Your Roof May Be Leaking

Your roof is probably the most important component of your home, as it protects you and your family from the elements. But over time, just like anything else, your roof will start to wear out. It also can sustain acute damage from a storm. In these cases, your roof might start to leak, which can cause big problems. Be on the lookout for signs that your roof might be leaking.


Signs That Your Roof Is In Trouble

Your roof is one of the most important components of your home, and if it fails, you can have big problems on your hands.

A roof that fails can allow water to get into your home and wreak havoc, and it also can cause major structural damage to your home that can be expensive to fix. That’s why it’s important to watch for these warning signs that your roof is in trouble.


Choosing the Right Roof for Your Building

With any home or building, it is essential that a good roof be provided. There are a number of different types available and care should be taken in selecting one that will furnish adequate protection and still be an attractive addition to the building’s overall appearance.


The Best Eco-friendly Roofing Options to Consider

Whether you are looking for roofing that will outlast the typical asphalt shingle or you’re considering an eco-friendly roofing material that is kind to the Earth, there are several options to choose from. Take a look at the best Earth-friendly roofing options for your home this season.

Maintenance Tips

Keeping The Roof Maintained

The roof of the home is more than just a cover for a building. It protects the contents of the house and keeps the family safe. If the roof is not maintained, then it could lead to shingles that crack and break off and other damages that might cause holes to occur. There are a few tips that you should keep in mind so that you have the best roof possible. It can also help save you money in the long run as you won’t need to get a new roof.


5 Tips for Picking the Right Roofing Material

Getting a new roof is really expensive, but you want to make sure that you get it done right. The material that you pick is one of the biggest factors in the lifespan of the roof. You should work with roofing experts to pick a material that is right for your home. You can also take into account these tips for picking a roofing material for your home: